Career Opportuinities

Computer Engineer
Job Prospects

Computer Engineering has had a major impact on all our lives during the last thirty years. Its impact has been more significant and more pervasive than that of many other disciplines.Think of the mobile phone, the Internet and all products that weren't even imagined 30 years ago, but have now been realised by the ingenuity of the computer engineer.

Computer engineers need not only to understand how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture.

Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer hardware and software.Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering (or electrical engineering), software design, and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design.Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.

BE / B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.10+2 / I.Sc. Phy., Chem. & Math. Min. 50% Marks in each subject.One must also pass the qualifying exam JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) conducted by the IIT's.

Class 10th -> Class 12th with PCM -> BE/B.Tech in Computer Engineering

In India a fresh graduate in computer engineering can get a starting salary of Rs.10, 000 to Rs.25, 000 and within 1 or 2 year of experience it may gradually increase to Rs. 50, 000 or more per month. A lecturer in this filed can earn an amount Rs 8000-13500/- plus dearness allowances. Freshers from the best technological universities/colleges (IITs and NITs) are offered annual pay package of up to 10 lakhs.

Computer Engineering has a wide range of career opportunities in hardware and computer system design, computer networks, software engineering, data communications, multimedia processing, and internet and information technology. While technology companies are a major employer of computer engineers, companies in every sector of the economy, from business to government to education all rely on the work of computer engineers.

Electrical Engineer
Job Prospects

An electrical engineer is someone who designs and develops new electrical equipment, solves problems and tests equipment. They work with all kinds of electronic devices, from the smallest pocket devices to large supercomputers.

Electrical engineering deals with electricity, electro-magnetism and electronics. It also covers power, control systems, telecommunications and signal processing. These engineers are usually concerned with large-scale electrical systems such as motor control and power transmission, as well as utilizing electricity to transmit energy. Electrical engineers may work on a diverse range of technologies, from the design of household appliances, lighting and wiring of buildings, telecommunication systems, electrical power stations and satellite communications. They may plan their designs using computer-aided software or they may also sketch ideas by hand.

There are many sub-disciplines of electrical engineering. Some electrical engineers specialize exclusively in one sub-discipline, while others specialize in a combination of sub-disciplines. The most popular sub-disciplines are:

Electronic Engineer
- deals with electronic circuits such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, transistors and diodes

Microelectronics Engineer
- deals with design and micro-fabrication of tiny electronic circuit components

Signal Processing Engineer
- deals with signals, such as analog or digital signals

Power Engineer
- deals with electricity and design of related electrical devices such as transformers, generators, motors and power electronics

Control Engineer
- deals with design of controllers that cause systems to behave in a certain way, using micro-controllers, programmable logic controllers, digital signal processors and electrical circuits

Telecommunications Engineer
- deals with transmission of information via a cable or optical fiber

Instrumentation Engineer
- deals with the design of measuring devices for pressure, flow and temperature. This involves a deep understanding of physics

Computer Engineer
- deals with the design of computers and computer hardware

The basic eligibility criteria for a B.E / B.Tech in Electrical Engineering is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with high percentage of marks in Science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics). While for post graduate programs, one should have done B.E/B. Tech in electrical engineering. The program can either be studied alone or can be combined with electronic engineering. One can even opt for super specialty or Ph. D program in electrical engineering. For the purpose, the person should have done M.E in electrical engineering or electrical and electronics engineering.

Career Path 1
Class 10th -> Diploma in Electrical Engineer -> B.E/B.Tech in Electrical Engineer
Career Path 2
Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCM -> B.E/B.Tech in Electrical Engineer

The average starting monthly salary of electrical engineering graduates in India ranges between Rs. 15,000 to Rs.25,000.

There are equally good opportunities for jobs in electrical engineering industry and higher education. There is lot of multidisciplinary research for developing electric vehicles with great funding and scope all over there world. On the same time good opportunities back home in industry.

Electrical engineers can find employment in Electrical equipment and systems manufacturing companies, Power generation and transmission, Telecommunication, Railways, IT industry, Health care equipment manufacturing industry, public sector industries like petroleum, steel and chemical industry, Research and design etc.

Electrical graduates are employed in Electricity Boards/Utility companies and large industries as engineers and managers, responsible for installation, maintenance, operation of power handling equipments and systems. Industries manufacturing large electrical machines and equipments employ engineers in design, production and testing. Electrical engineers also find employment in atomic power plants, hydroelectric power plants as well as thermal power plants. Many electrical engineering graduates opt for careers in the food, pulp and paper, chemical, aircraft and automobile industries.

Educational Institutions and Research establishments recruit electrical engineers as faculty and scientists. One can also do research work in this field by joining research labs and institutes. Teaching career is also rewarding. They can join an engineering college/university as a full time or part time lecturer/professor. They can also enter into self employment by starting own ventures.

As an Electrical Engineer, entry for junior posts in the Government departments is by direct recruitment through advertisements in newspapers. Selection to Gazetted posts is through  competitive examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission. UPSC conducts an Engineering Service Examination annually for vacancies in Central Engineering Services and various State Public Service commissions conduct their own competitive Exams for vacancies in State engineering services.

Young engineers have chances in the Defence Services also. For selection into the Defence Services- Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, applications are invited through National dailies and Employment News.

Core companies offer electrical engineering jobs: ABB, Bajaj International Private Ltd., Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Centre for Electronics Design and Technology, Crompton Greaves Limited (CGL), Siemens Ltd., Reliance power Ltd., and Wipro Lighting are name to few.

Electronics Engineer
Job Prospects

Electronic engineering is a rapidly advancing profession and is the driving force behind the development of the world information technology. Electronic engineers create, design and develop everyday devices like the mobile phone,portable music devices and computers. Electronic engineering offers a broad range of exciting career challenges including producing new innovations and developments in telecommunications, robotics, computing hardware and power and electrical equipment.

Electronics engineering, or electronic engineering, is an engineering discipline where non-linear and active electrical components such as electron tubes, and semiconductor devices, especially transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, are utilized to design electronic circuits, devices and systems, typically also including passive electrical components and based on printed circuit boards. The term denotes a broad engineering field that covers important subfields such as analog electronics, digital electronics, consumer electronics, embedded systems and power electronics. Electronics engineering deals with implementation of applications, principles and algorithms developed within many related fields, for example solid-state physics, radio engineering, telecommunications, control systems, signal processing, systems engineering, computer engineering, instrumentation engineering, electric power control, robotics, and many others.

The basic eligibility criteria for a BE / B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Admission to these courses is highly competitive and only those with high academic performance in the board of examination i.e the marks secured in the final exams of 10+2 and in the entrance test can expect admission. Entrance to the IIT's is through 'JEE' (Joint Entrance Exam) and for other major institutions through AIEEE (All India Engineering/Pharmacy/Architecture Entrance Examination) OR their own separate entrance exams and other state level and national level exams.
The duration is 4 Years for BE / B.Tech courses. The diploma courses in polytechnics are of 3 years duration.

Career path 1
Class 10th -> Diploma in Electronics Engineer -> B.E/B.Tech in Electronics Engineer
Career path 2
Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCM -> B.E/B.Tech in Electronics Engineer

In India, a bachelor's degree candidate in electronics engineering can receive a starting salary of Rs.7500 up to Rs 15,000 approximately with 1-2 years experience.

Engineering industries that accept electronic engineering graduates

Electronic engineering graduates are typically accepted into the following industries. However, different employers will have different requirements, so do check out companies individually.

  • Aerospace industry
  • Automotive industry
  • Construction industry
  • Defence industry
  • Electronics industry
  • Fast moving consumer goods industry
  • Marine industry
  • Oil and gas industry
  • Pharmaceuticals industry
  • Power generation industry
  • Rail industry
  • Telecoms
  • Utilities industry
An electronic engineer’s job in different industries
  • Electronics is now an important part of the automotive industry, for example for engine control units, dashboard indicators, air-conditioning, safety systems, braking systems and info-tainment systems. 
  • If you join the defence industry, expect to expand your knowledge of different engineering disciplines. BAE System’s enterprise integration manager Paul Jones comments: ‘At BAE systems – and at most other defence companies – engineers today mainly work at system level. Defence systems are now so integrated that engineers need to operate cross-discipline, for example using a mixture of mechanical, electronic and electrical engineering knowledge.’
  • In the electronics sector you could work in roles such as design engineering (designing a product or component prior to launch) or applications engineering (supporting a product for its entire life).
  • Electronic engineering graduates are very welcome in the fast moving consumer goods industry. In this sector they will often develop a broad engineering skill set rather than focusing solely on electronic engineering issues. Chris Traynor, careers adviser and former engineer and engineering recruiter, explains: ‘Almost all the graduate roles are in one of two areas: manufacturing/engineering or supply network operations/logistics. And for both of these areas graduates from different disciplines would be doing similar jobs as each other. Graduates will pick up skills from other disciplines as they go through their training and career.’

Mechanical Engineer
Job Prospects

Mechanical engineering is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of engineering, physics and materials science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the production and usage of heat and mechanical power for the design, production, and operation of machines and tools.It is one of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines.
The engineering field requires an understanding of core concepts including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity. Mechanical engineers use these core principles along with tools like computer-aided engineering, and product lifecycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating and cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices, weapons, and others.

Specific assignments might involve research and development, design of equipment or systems, supervision of production, plant engineering, administration, sales engineering, the testing and evaluation of machines and entire plants. Some mechanical engineering titles and their functions include:

  • Automotive engineer: Mechanical engineers design many car parts for the automobile industry. As an automotive engineer, you could solve transportation and safety problems by creating better and more efficient engines or by developing improved safety features
  • Biomedical engineer: Mechanical engineers work with a variety of medical professionals to design mobility aids, prosthetics, and artificial organs.
  • Consulting: Once mechanical engineers have gained significant on-the-job experience and developed a high level of expertise, they might choose to work for themselves as consultants or independent contractors. Here they can work on projects of their choosing for clients they respect. The consulting field offers opportunities in large and small engineering service firms and in private practice.
  • Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) engineer: In this field, engineers design refrigeration systems for making frozen foods, or air-conditioning and heating systems for businesses and industrial buildings, residential homes, autos, hospitals, and schools.
  • Nuclear engineer: The design of nuclear power plants requires the services of a mechanical engineer. The engineer must understand the fundamentals of nuclear design, know how to operate the plant efficiently, and evaluate the environmental factors associated with nuclear plants.
  • Robotics engineer: A mechanical engineer may design machines that build other machines. For instance, a robotics engineer may be involved with creating the devices that are used in assembling automobiles. Engineers are concerned with the robot's structure, its joint mechanisms, bearings, and heat transfer characteristics.
  • Teaching: A desire to help mold the next generation of engineers motivates some mechanical engineers to move into academic careers. Engineers in colleges oversee research activities, manage laboratories, and mentor students. They also write and publish books and technical papers about mechanical engineering.

Mechanical engineer one should have a graduate degree (B.E / B.Tech) or postgraduate degree (M.E) or at least a diploma in mechanical Engineering.
The basic eligibility criteria for a BE / B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. After the bachelor's one can go in for a post graduate degree.

Career Path 1
Class 10th -> Diploma in Mechanical engineer -> B.E/B.Tech in Mechanical engineer
Career Path 2
Class 10th ->Class 12th in PCM -> B.E/B.Tech in Mechanical engineer

In India most fresh engineers start at Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000 per month, with allowances. Those with an additional management degree in addition to engineering can command salaries of Rs 25,000 to Rs 40,000 per month.

Since mechanical engineering is the broadest of all engineering fields, the job prospects on offer for skilled mechanical engineers are aplenty and unending. Mechanical engineers are required to design, test, manufacture, install, operate and maintain a wide array of machines and mechanical systems that are used in countless industries. These professionals can find employment both in the government and private sector undertakings.

Major industries that employ mechanical engineers include automobiles, space research, aeronautical, energy and utilities, air conditioning, bio-mechanical industry. Other major employers include giant manufacturing plants, air conditioning and refrigeration industry, turbine manufacturing plants, oil and gas exploration and refining industries and the agricultural sector.

In the government sector, mechanical engineers can provide their knowledge to various government run projects in the role of technical experts and consultants. They can also work in private engineering companies that provide technical consultancy to both government and corporate firms.

These engineers can also hold high managerial positions in government as well as private sector organisations according to their field of expertise and educational qualifications.

Production Engineer
Job Prospects

Production engineering is a combination of manufacturing technology with management science. A production engineer typically has a wide knowledge of engineering practices and is aware of the management challenges related to production. The goal is to accomplish the production process in the smoothest, most-judicious and most-economic way.
Production engineering encompasses the application of castings,machining processing, joining processes, metal cutting & tool design, metrology, machine tools, machining systems, automation, jigs and fixtures, and die and mould design and material science and design of automobile parts and machine designing and manufacturing. Production engineering also overlaps substantially with manufacturing engineering and industrial engineering.
In industry, once the design is realized, production engineering concepts regarding work-study, ergonomics, operation research, manufacturing management, materials management, production planning, etc., play important roles in efficient production processes. These deal with integrated design and efficient planning of the entire manufacturing system, which is becoming increasingly complex with the emergence of sophisticated production methods and control systems.

In order to be a production engineer you need to have a B.E./ B.Tech or M.E./ M.Tech degree in production engineering. After the Std 10 exams you can do a three-year diploma course. After which you can either join an engineering firm straightaway or enroll for a three-year degree program
Instead of doing a diploma, you could study science with Physics, Chemistry & Maths up to HSC (Std XII) and then enroll for a four-year degree course in production engineering.

Career path 1
Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCM -> B.E/B.Tech in Production Engineer
Career Path 2
Class 10th -> Diploma in Production Engineer -> B.E/B.Tech in Production Engineer

As a trainee engineer with a Bachelor's degree you can expect to earn a salary of about Rs 10,000-12000 per month. However your earnings will be much lower if you are just a diploma holder. Senior engineers earn as much as Rs 30,000 - 40,000 per month or more. Higher your qualifications, higher the pay. If your Engineering degree is coupled with a Management degree, expect to rake in more moolah.

The increasing complexity of production processes has contributed to the demand for production engineers. In today's troubled times, companies are trying to cut costs and improve efficiency. That has also added to the demand for experienced production engineers. With enough years of experience you can even start off your own small scale manufacturing businesses.

Marine Engineer
Job Prospects

Marine engineering broadly refers to the engineering of boats, ships, oil rigs and any other marine vessel or structure. Specifically, marine engineering is the discipline of applying engineering sciences, mostly mechanical and electrical engineering, to the development, design, operation and maintenance of watercraft propulsion and on-board systems; e.g. power and propulsion plants, machinery, piping, automation and control systems etc. for marine vehicles of any kind like surface ships, submarines etc. Marine engineers and naval architects are similar professions. However, whereas naval architects are concerned with the overall design of the ship and its propulsion through the water, marine engineers are focused towards the main propulsion plant, the powering and mechanization aspects of the ship functions such as steering, anchoring, cargo handling, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, electrical power generation and distribution, interior and exterior communication, and other related requirements. In some cases, the responsibilities of each industry collide and is not specific to either field. Propellers are examples of one of these types of responsibilities. For naval architects a propeller is a hydrodynamic device. For marine engineers a propeller acts similarly to a pump. Hull vibration, excited by the propeller, is another such area. Noise reduction and shock hardening must be the joint responsibility of both the naval architect and the marine engineer. In fact, most issues caused by machinery are responsibilities in general.

Mechanical and Electronic Engineers qualify for training in Marine Engineering.However, those of you who want to start early need to take the IIT entrance exams after the 12th standard. The course is conducted at Marine Engineering Research Institute (MERI), in Calcutta and in Mumbai. It offers a government recognised Bachelor's degree (BE) inMarine Engineering. There are also some courses offered at other institutes.

Career Path 1
Class 10th -> Diploma in Marine engineering -> B.E/B.Tech in Marine engineering
Career Path 2
Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCM -> B.E/B.Tech in Marine engineering

In the beginning of your career, expect a salary of Rs 30,000 a month as a Fifth Engineer on a merchant marine vessel. The pay scales are much lesser in Indian Navy. Heading for the Merchant Navy is extremely lucrative.First Officer in the Merchant Navy gets up to Rs 1 lakh every month and the Chief Engineer earns as much as Rs 1.5 lakh per month.

Shipping has always been a big industry. Although there isn't much indication of any great surge in the industry, there isn't any decline either. The job opportunity has remained stable and the demand supply ratio has remained constant. A large number of engineering graduates opt for this field and so competition remains high.