Career Opportuinities

Job Prospects

Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists, are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use. A pharmacist is a member of the health care team directly involved in patient care.Pharmacists undergo university-level education to understand biochemical mechanisms of action of drugs, drug uses, and therapeutic roles, side effects, potential drug interactions, and monitoring parameters. This is mated to anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. Pharmacists interpret and communicate this specialized knowledge to patients, physicians, and other health care providers.
Among other licensing requirements, different countries require pharmacists to hold either a Bachelor of Pharmacy or Doctor of Pharmacy degree.
The most common pharmacist positions are that of a community pharmacist (also referred to as a retail pharmacist, first-line pharmacist or dispensing chemist), or a hospital pharmacist, where they instruct and counsel on the proper use and adverse effects of medically prescribed drugs and medicines.In most countries, the profession is subject to professional regulation. Depending on the legal scope of practice, pharmacists may contribute to prescribing (also referred to as "pharmacist prescriber") and administering certain medications (e.g., immunizations) in some jurisdictions. Pharmacists may also practice in a variety of other settings, including industry, wholesaling, research, academia, military, and government.

Pass in 10+2 examination with Physics, Chemistry and English with Mathematics or Biotechnology or Computer Science or Biology as optional subjects.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB/M ->B.Pharm

In this field your pay will actually depend on the organisation you work for.
Research scientists can expect anything between Rs 15,000-40,000 per month.
Medical representatives can take home Rs 10,000-12,000 a month plus incentives.
Hospital pharmacists get Rs 5,000-8,000 a month, whereas government jobs pay Rs 3,500-5,000 per month (basic), plus some other allowances and benefits as per government rules.

Production: As a supervisor in any of the various departments like tablets, capsules, syrup, injectibles, etc.

Quality Assurance Department: As a Q & A chemist in a pharmaceutical company.

Research & Development: This is the most sought after field within pharmacy. You got to be having an M.Pharma or PhD to work as an R&D chemist.

Sales & Marketing: A pharmacy graduate with a flair for selling can excel as a medical representative and subsequently rise up.

Brand Manager: A B.Pharma degree along with a PG qualification in management gains you an entry in brand/product management.

Entrepreneurship: As a Pharmacist you could set up your drug-dispensing store (a chemist store). It requires both professional ability as well as management and marketing skills. A Pharmacist can also consider your own distribution firm for analytical laboratories. Better still set up your own drug farm for producing raw materials and growing herbs and plants.

Government: You can join government regulatory agencies like the FDA as a drug inspector and over a period of time rise to the position of Drug Controller. A degree in law will be helpful.

Hospitals, clinics and nursing homes: As a hospital pharmacist you will be involved in the preparation, storage and supply of medicines.

Consultancy: A pharmacy degree combined with a legal qualification is a lethal combination for those wanting to work as consultants or patent lawyers for pharmaceutical products.

Job Prospects

If you are interested in helping people improve their physical health, this could be a perfect career for you.
Physiotherapists work with patients to improve their range of movement and promote health and wellbeing.
To become a qualified physiotherapist you need a physiotherapy degree or postgraduate award approved by the Health and Care Professions Council.
You will need to have an interest in human anatomy and physiology, plus patience and sensitivity. You must also be interested in the health and wellbeing of patients. As a physiotherapist your work could include:

  • helping patients with spine and joint problems, especially after an operation
  • helping patients recovering from accidents, sports injuries and strokes
  • working with children who have mental or physical disabilities
  • helping older people with physical problems become more mobile.
You could work in various areas and departments, such as paediatrics, outpatients, intensive care, women's health and occupational health. You could use a variety of treatments and techniques including:
  • physical manipulation
  • massage
  • therapeutic exercise
  • electrotherapy
  • ultrasound
  • acupuncture
  • hydrotherapy.
You would keep accurate records of patients' treatment and progress, and you would often work closely with other health professionals, such as nurses, occupational therapists, health visitors and social workers.

To become a practicing physiotherapist or be employed as a professional in a hospital or clinic, you need to have completed your B.Sc. or diploma in Physiotherapy.
If you have completed seventeen years of age and HSC with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English, you are eligible for the degree or diploma course in Physiotherapy.
There are many institutes that offer short-term courses (of 3-4 months' duration) in physiotherapy. There are degree and diploma courses offered by reputed universities and institutes.
Admissions to most of these Physiotherapy courses are based on a joint entrance examination conducted by the Rehabilitation Council of India in New Delhi.
If you want to be a physiotherapist, you got to have a positive attitude to life and possess oodles of confidence. You should be able to instill confidence and motivate patients to positively contribute to his/her recovery or rehabilitation.
Needless to say, you also need to have an interest in medicine, science and an empathetic attitude to people. Other attributes include good observation skills and ability to work in a team. As a Physiotherapist you should be patient and understanding and possess an ability to generate confidence in others.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB ->BPT

Salary as a Physiotherapist will be in the range of Rs 8,000-12,000 or more per month.
A postgraduate degree in physiotherapy can earn you a salary in the range of Rs. 12,000 to 16,500

  • Government hospitals, corporate hospitals and also in specialised departments such as cardiac, neurological, orthopaedic, etc. 
  • Physiotherapy clinics  
  • Polyclinics and health centres 
  • Schools and facilities for the physically handicapped
  • Rehabilitation centres run by the government or NGOs.

Job Prospects

If you enjoy caring for people and you are looking for a varied job, this could be an ideal career for you.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
Nurses may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient care, training, and scope of practice. Nurses practice in a wide diversity of practice areas with a different scope of practice and level of prescriber authority in each. Many nurses provide care within the ordering scope of physicians, and this traditional role has come to shape the historic public image of nurses as care providers. However, nurses are permitted by most jurisdictions to practice independently in a variety of settings depending on training level. In the postwar period, nurse education has undergone a process of diversification towards advanced and specialized credentials, and many of the traditional regulations and provider roles are changing

As a nurse, you will need:

  • Physical stamina to perform your duties (nurses spend a considerable amount of time standing and walking) 
  • Emotional stability to cope with human suffering and frequent emergencies 
  • Ability to work in shifts 
  • Patience 
  • Excellent communication skills 
  • Ability to motivate people 
  • Absolute dedication 
  • Empathy 
  • Team spirit
Academically, you can have one of the following degree/diplomas to begin your career.
B.Sc. Nursing
M.SC. Nursing
Nursing Diploma
Certificate in General Nursing and Midwifery Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) certificate Health Worker.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB ->B.Sc/Diploma in Nursing

Salaries start from Rs 5,000-8,000 a month. But the new age corporate hospitals offer a better salary in the range of Rs 8,000-12,000 a month.
Government hospitals pay more and remuneration there includes a lot of perks too. Gross salary ranges from Rs 7,000-12,000 per month or more. In other establishments, nurses are paid in the range of Rs 4,000-10,000 per month.

Nurses do not remain unemployed. They easily get jobs in private and government run hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, old age homes, industries, sanatoriums and the armed forces. They can also seek employment in the Indian Red Cross Society, Indian Nursing Council, State Nursing Councils and various other nursing institutions. Even nurses who have completed the ANM course get to work as primary health workers and midwifes in primary health care centres that are spread throughout the length and breadth of the country.
Nurses can also take up administrative and teaching positions in medical colleges and nursing schools. Enterprising individuals can start their own nursing bureaus or even work on their own terms and conditions.
Apart, from these innumerable openings in the domestic sector, nurses who earn international nursing certifications and fulfil the prescribed immigration criteria generally move to greener pastures abroad.
Nurses are typically employed in:

  • Regional health centers 
  • Clinics (medical, dental and community) 
  • Nursing homes 
  • Home care agencies 
  • Large corporations and insurance companies 
  • Government services other than hospitals (like prisons, schools, etc.) 
  • Hospitals 
  • Schools 
  • Laboratories 
  • Old age homes 
  • Orphanages 
  • Rehabilitation centers 
  • Self-employment (private nurse) 

Medical Laboratory Technologist
Job Prospects

Medical Laboratory Technology also called Clinical laboratory science is an allied health profession which is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease through the use of clinical laboratory tests. These tests help doctors to detect, diagnose and treat diseases. A Medical Laboratory Technologist (MLT) do these tests by analyzing body fluids, tissues, blood typing, microorganism screening, chemical analyses, cell counts of human body etc. They play an important role in collecting the informations needed, sampling, testing, reporting and documentation of these investigations. They determine the presence, extent or absence of disease and provide data needed to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment.There are two levels of medical laboratory workers Technicians and Technologists.Medical technologists work in five major areas of the laboratory ie, in Blood banking, Clinical Chemistry (chemical analysis of body fluids), Hematology (blood related), Immunology (study of immune system) and Microbiology (study of bacteria and other disease organisms). They also work in the areas of cytotechnology (study of human tissue), phlebotomy, urinalysis, coagulation, parasitology and serology. Phlebotomists draw and test blood where as Blood bank technologists determine correct blood types for transfusions. Histology technicians cut and stain tissue samples.Medical technologists have more training and job responsibilities. They perform complex tests such as microscopic examinations of tissues, blood and other body fluids to detect evidence of disease and detect the presence of bacteria, fungi, parasites etc and chemical tests to determine blood cholesterol levels. They also match blood samples for transfusions and test drug levels in blood to determine how patients are responding to medications. They are often responsible for making sure that testing is done accurately. In some labs, technologists conduct research under the supervision of medical researchers.Medical technicians do routine laboratory testing manually according to instructions. They work under Technologists or supervisors. Technicians may prepare specimens and operate machines that automatically analyze samples. In addition to running tests, technicians set up, clean, and maintain laboratory equipment, such as centrifuges, microscopes etc. They also prepare standard solutions for use in the lab. This involves measuring and mixing the correct amount of various chemicals.Some of the courses offered in Lab Technology are Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT), Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT). BMLT course for Medical Lab Technologists is structured to train students in the clinical Laboratory analysis of blood, urine, feces, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, ascetic fluid etc to aid the doctors in arriving at a correct diagnosis and treatment of the disease. There are also Diploma / Certificate courses for lab technicians / assistants in general and in different specialties such as Diplomas in EEG Lab Technician, Histopathology Lab Technician etc.The authorities concerned with Medical lab technology in India are All India Institute of Medial Technologists E-mail Contact Us and All India Medical laboratory Technologists Association E-mail: Contact Us.The Medical Laboratory Technology Programs provides its graduates with numerous employment possibilities in laboratories throughout the country.

The basic eligibility criteria for Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is 10+2 or equivalent with Science subjects Or Pre- University Vocational course from a recognized Board with laboratory Technology as Vocational subject . BMLT is a 3 year programme.Eligibility needed for Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT) is 10+2 or equivalent examination farom a recognised University or Board. Duration of the course is 2 years. There are also other certificate courses in lab technicians which needs 10+2 as the eligibility. Courses are offered by colleges, universities as well as hospitals. The hospitals are usually affiliated with a college or university.Personal Attributes - Some of the qualities required for a lab technician/ technologist is the ability to conduct research, finish tasks with speed as well as with accuracy, to handle stress, make analytical judgment, interpreting technical/scientific data, knowledge of laboratory instrumentation, mechanical ability and the ability to use computers. They should have an eye for detail, be self-sufficient, precise, dedicated and self-motivated. They should have stamina as they may need to work a good deal of time, standing. They should exercise special care when handling infectious materials or dangerous chemicals.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB->B.Sc/Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technologist

Employment of clinical laboratory workers is expected to grow fast. The salary ranges from Rs.6,500 to 10,000 per month in hospitals and in clinics.

The career of lab a worker depends on academic and technical skills. A certified medical laboratory technician may find a challenging career in a hospital, minor emergency centers, private laboratory, blood donor centers, doctor office or clinics. A technician an become a technologist through further education and work experience.Laboratory technologists can assist the doctors in taking samples, centrifuging, making slides, using specified stains etc, under proper guidance. As such, the demand for laboratory technologists will always increase since the number of hospitals, specialty hospitals, laboratories etc. are increasing. Job opportunities are also available in research laboratories and military service.Technologists can advance to supervisory or management positions in labs and hospitals. They can also work as Laboratory manager/Consultant/supervisor, health care Administrator, Hospital Outreach coordination, laboratory information system Analyst/Consultant, educational consultant / coordinator/ director, health and safety officer etc. Additional opportunities are available in molecular diagnostics, molecular biotechnology companies and in vitro fertilization laboratories as well as in research labs. In the clinical areas, drug testing, therapeutic drug monitoring and biogenetics are just a few of the specialties with openings. In industry, medical technologists are needed for positions in product development, marketing, sales, quality assurance, environmental health and insurance, among others.The Medical Laboratory Technologists/technician may be assigned to a specialized area of work in a large medical lab. In small labs, they may perform a variety of tests or all areas of lab work. Some of the duties of an MLT include collecting blood samples from patients and identifying abnormal blood cells, assuring safe transfusion of blood products, culturing micro-organisms to determine their identity and susceptibility to antibiotics, detecting a cancerous tumor with DNA technique, performing cultures and identifying bacteria and viruses, analyzing body fluids to determine chemical and biological components. Assuming administrative functions relative to reporting and recording results of tests conducted in the laboratory, maintaining accurate clinical records, selecting and evaluating laboratory equipment and new test methodologies and performing other duties as may be assigned by the laboratory supervisor. In large labs and hospitals, they may have to work in shifts on holidays and weekends or sometimes be on call for night duty.

Nutritionists and dietetics
Job Prospects

If you are interested in healthy eating and want to help improve people's wellbeing, this job could be perfect for you.
Nutritionists need to be able to relate to people from all backgrounds. They need to inspire and motivate people. They also need a non-judgemental attitude.
Dietitians and nutritionists plan food and nutrition programs, and supervise the preparation and serving of meals. They help prevent and treat illnesses by promoting healthy eating habits and suggesting diet

To become a dietitian you need at least a bachelor's degree in dietetics, foods and nutrition, food service systems management, or a related area. College students in these majors take courses in foods, nutrition, institution management, chemistry, biochemistry, biology, microbiology, and physiology. Other suggested courses include business, mathematics, statistics, computer science, psychology, sociology, and economics. According to Jegtvig, other health practitioners, for example chiropractors, osteopaths and physicians, may study and then practice clinical nutrition.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> B.Sc in Biological Sciences -> Specialization in Nutrition/Food Nutrition

Starting with Rs 5,000-8,000 a month with a small organisation. Hospitals pay better,around Rs 10,000-12,000. With experience you could double that in a few years time.
As a consultant you can charge on a session basis charging anywhere between Rs 300-500 per session.

  • Clinical dietitians or managers of nutrition programs in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, health professions schools, and other health care settings.
  • Nutrition educators in health care, community, corporate, elementary and secondary schools, or academic agencies and institutions.
  • Members of clinical specialty teams in pediatrics, surgery, cardiovascular, renal, and other medical care services.
  • Counselors of patients with chronic conditions such as diabetes, obesity, and hypertension.
  • Private nutrition consultants to the public, government and private agencies, and the food industry.
  • Public relations, media, and product development executives, staff, and consultants in private and public agencies, institutions, and media outlets.

Clinical research
Job Prospects

A clinical research is a scientific study of the effects, risks, efficacy and benefits of a medicinal product. These are carried out prior to the release of the medicine in the market. These trials are undertaken at various stages and studies are conducted after the launch of a new product to monitor safety and side effects during large-scale use. Clinical trials are conducted by pharmaceutical companies or contract research organisations (CRO's) on their behalf. It is this sector that is driving the growth in clinical research in India.

A B.Sc. degree is a must to enter this field. Ideally the industry is looking for science graduates from pharmacy, medicine, life science and bioscience. Within bioscience too there are various other fields such as botany, zoology, biochemistry and genetics. Anybody who fulfils these criteria can join the industry.
Individuals with prior work experience of 2-3 years are preferred, but like the BPO industry, there is a dearth of trained professionals here too. Thus, with the right qualifications finding a job in clinical research should not be a problem.

Infromation coming soon...

There is high demand for trained professionals in this field; the pay package is impressive at the entry level.

  • Freshers can expect a pay packet of around three lakhs or more per annum.
  • If you have a master's degree backing your qualifications, then the amount is almost doubles.
  • Clinical research is an industry where experience counts, thus the longer you are in this field; higher the salary you can expect.

Clinical Research branches off into various categories at the entry level.

The most common entry-level position is that of a Clinical Research Associate (CRA). The role of a CRA is varied,

  • They are key participants in the design, implementation and monitoring of clinical trials
  • They shoulder the responsibility of planning and implementing all activities required to conduct and monitor complex clinical trials and ensure that Good Clinical Practices are followed.
  • They assist in preparation of presentations and manuscripts of scientific meetings and technical journals and attend scientific/professional meetings and training courses as appropriate.