Career Opportuinities

Job Prospects

Doctors are responsible for the diagnosis, care and treatment of illness and disease. They also have a role in protecting and improving people well-being.
A doctor may work in a variety of settings, such as in a hospital or as a family doctor (GP), in government or industry. Hospital doctors can go on to specialise in particular areas such as pathology, psychiatry and paediatrics, or various branches of surgery.
Learning to be a doctor involves a long and demanding course of study. It can take a minimum of 10 years to train as a general practitioner (GP) and at least 12 years before a doctor is suitably qualified to practise as a consultant.
Within the practice of medicine, there are over 60 different specialties. Your medical training will give you the opportunity to discover which appeals to you most.

The grades required are likely to be AAA at A Level plus A at AS level. A level subjects should include Chemistry plus one from Biology, Maths or Physics. Only one mathematics subject will be counted at A level and General Studies is not acceptable.
A maximum of six VCE units will be counted.
At AS Level Biology is required and a non-science is recommended.
At GCSE Mathematics and either Physics or Double Award Science is required if not offered to AS or A Level.
The GCSE threshold varies from year to year according to supply and demand.
You should contact the university directly for up to date information on entry requirements.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB ->M.B.B.S

As a Doctor, you have to make a very humble beginning once you pass your MBBS. You will have to work as an intern (what they call a rotating intern meaning that you will be assigned duties in multiple departments) for a year to get your registration with the Medical Council of India. As an intern, you'll earn a stipend in the range of Rs 3,500-4,500 a month. Registration is a must; otherwise you will not be able to practice.
Then you will have to be a House Staff/Junior Doctor in a hospital or other health care establishment with a salary ranging of Rs 6,000-8,000 a month. If you get a job in a medical college as a Clinical Assistant, then you can expect to get Rs 10,000 a month.
But after this period is over, you can look forward to a rising income curve. After completing MD/MS, you can get a job as a Medical Officer/Senior House Staff/ Senior resident. This again depends on whether you are just doing a job or enrolled in a super specialisation course like DM/M.Ch. Salary in these jobs will be about Rs 15,000 to 20,000 gross per month to start with.
A job in a medical college as a Clinical Tutor will fetch you about Rs 18,000 per month. In corporate hospitals and other private healthcare establishments, you can expect a higher salary after your MD/MS. If you are a Surgeon, you will get allowance for conducting surgery or assisting a senior surgeon. After your super specialisation, your salary will shoot up to Rs 30,000 to Rs 50,000 a month.
Of course, corporate and private healthcare establishments pay you much more depending on your specialisation and years of experience. You can expect anywhere between Rs 40,000 - 70,000 a month.
Thereafter, everything depends on your performance and reputation. If you build up a reputation, your earnings will be substantial. A senior doctor in a corporate hospital can get anywhere between Rs 10 - 12 lakhs a year. In a government hospital, you will get about Rs 20,000-35,000 a month.
The minimum, a good specialist (with a few years of experience) working with a club team would earn is Rs. 50,000/- to 60,000/- a month.
In a pharmaceutical company your pay will be in the range of Rs 25,000-60,000 or more a month.
After you make a name for yourself you will be working in several establishments and your gross earning can be more than Rs 1,00,000 a month. A super speciality surgeon can mint as much as Rs 1,00,000 or more in a single day and build a few crores a year!

The specialities fall into the following groups:

This area covers most of the conditions for which people are admitted to hospital. Roles range from acute medicine to clinical genetics. Many specialties focus on particular organs such as the heart (cardiology) or disease processes such as cancers (oncology).

Surgeons operate on particular parts of the body, or address specific injuries, diseases or degenerative conditions where operative treatment may be necessary.

General practice:
GPs are the first point of contact with the health service for most people. They provide a complete range of care within the local community. They deal with problems that often combine physical, psychological and social elements. They increasingly work in teams with other professions, helping patients to take responsibility for their own health.

Paediatrics and child health:
Paediatricians diagnose and provide treatment for babies, infants, children and adolescents who have medical problems. They are also experts in normal child growth, development and feeding.

Obstetrics and gynaecology:
Obstetricians and gynaecologists give specialised medical treatment and advice related to the female reproductive system. Obstetrics involves caring for women during pregnancy, particularly if there are complications.

Pathologists specialise in the detection of disease through the use of a variety of investigative techniques. Their work is vital in finding an accurate and timely diagnosis for patients, which increases the chance of treatment being successful.

Psychiatrists specialise in mental ill health. This is a priority in today's health service, with new services being developed to support acute and community care.

Radiologists specialise in the detection of disease through the use of different imaging techniques.

Anaesthetists are essential members of the surgical team. They are also involved in developing treatments to relieve chronic pain and offer intensive care support to very sick patients.

Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat disorders related to the eye, orbit and visual system.

Job Prospects

An endocrinologist is a specialized physician. Endocrinology is a sub-specialty of internal medicine. In addition to understanding general medical treatment of the human body and primary care, endocrinologists complete additional training in treating the hormone system of the body, including ductless glands of internal secretion. Such glands include thyroid, adrenal, pituitary, pancreas, and glands in reproductive organs of men and women.
Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions called hormones, as well as the integration of developmental events proliferation, growth, and differentiation (including histogenesis and organogenesis), and also the psychological or behavioral activities of metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception as caused by hormones.
Endocrinology is concerned with study of the biosynthesis, storage, chemistry, biochemical and physiological function of hormones and with the cells of the endocrine glands and tissues that secrete them. Various specializations exist, including behavioral endocrinology and comparative endocrinology.
The endocrine system consists of several glands, all in different parts of the body, that secrete hormones directly into the blood rather than into a duct system. Hormones have many different functions and modes of action; one hormone may have several effects on different target organs, and, conversely, one target organ may be affected by more than one hormone.

To begin with you will have to clear your 10+2 exam with physics, chemistry and biology. Not only will you have to score really well in this exam, you will also have to appear for the highly competitive entrance exam. Once you secure your admission, you will enter the five and a half year MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery), course.
This includes the one-year internship period as well. After this you will need to complete your Post-graduate studies by going in for a 3 years MD course. At the end of this course, you will get to do your super specialisation in endocrinology, which is another three years. Only then can you call yourself an endocrinologist.
As an endocrinologist, you will learn about Pituitary disorders, Thyroid disorders, Disorders of mineral metabolism, hormonal disorders causing infertility, impotence, abnormal growth and diseases such as diabetes, thyroid cancer and osteoporosis

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> M.B.B.S -> M.D in General Medicine -> D.M in Endocrinology

After completing MD, you can start earning around Rs 20,000 a month as a Medical Officer/Senior House Staff/ Senior resident in a hospital. You could also work in medical colleges as clinical tutor, which will pay you around Rs 15,000 to Rs. 20,000/- a month. But once you complete your super specialisation and become an endocrinologist your pay will shoot up to the Rs 25,000-40,000 range. After that it is your reputation and your experience that matters. You could work for pharmaceutical companies as well as government and private research and development labs. Your salary here would be in the range of Rs 20,000-40,000 .You could even go on to make as much as lakh a month.

 Common Requirements
Degree Level M.D. or D.O.*
Degree Field Medicine*
Experience 3 years of residency training plus 2-3 years of fellowship training**
Licensure and Certification A state-issued license to practice medicine is required; board certification in internal medicine and endocrinology are also required**
Key Skills Communication skills, attention to detail, leadership skills, organizational skills, problem solving skills, empathy*
Technical Skills Knowledge of human anatomy and the endocrine system**
Computer Skills Accounting software, medical software, office software***
Additional Requirements Physical stamina and dexterity*
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **American College of Physicians, ***O*Net OnLine

Job Prospects

A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a health care practitioner who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity. The dentist's supporting team aids in providing oral health services. The dental team includes dental assistants, dental hygienists, dental technicians, and in some states, dental therapists.
A dentist examines patients' teeth and mouth tissue in order to first diagnose and then treat any problems he or she finds. Treatment may include removing tooth decay, filling cavities, repairing damaged teeth and removing teeth when necessary. Most dentists are general practitioners, but some are specialists. The following is a list of several specialties and a description of each:

  • Orthodontists straighten teeth using devices such as braces and retainers.
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgeons operate on the mouth and jaws.
  • Pediatric dentists treat children.
  • Periodontists treat gums and the bone that supports the teeth.
  • Prosthodontists replace missing teeth with dentures and bridges.
  • Endodontists perform root canal therapy.
  • Public health dentists promote good dental health within communities.
  • Oral pathologists diagnose oral conditions and diseases.
  • Oral and maxillofacial radiologists diagnose diseases in the head and neck using imaging technologies.

Candidates who have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology, with at least 50% marks are eligible for admission in the Bachelor of Dental Science (BDS) course.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> B.D.S -> M.D.S

In government hospitals, a newly trained dentist could begin around Rs 6,000 a month (including allowances), while in private hospitals it could be slightly less. Post-graduate degree holders can expect to start on from Rs 7,000 upwards.
Dental surgeons can earn a good amount through their own practice. The consultation charges could start from Rs 250 upwards for cosmetic filling or routine check-up. These can be as high as Rs 40,000 to Rs 50,000 depending upon the nature of the dental problem. A well established dentist can make around Rs 30,000 to Rs 1,00,000 or more per month.

Excellent employment opportunities are available for dentists in dental departments in hospitals, nursing homes, dental clinics and health departments. You can also seek a teaching job in any of the dental colleges spread across the country.
Apart from this, as a dentist you can seek work in the research and advisory departments of pharmaceuticals. Opportunities are there in companies producing oral care products like toothpaste, mouth wash, and gum care products.
Self-employment is also a promising avenue. With experience, you can start your own individual clinic. Many dentists prefer private practice as it provides the best financial prospects along with a greater level of independence.

Homeopathy Doctor
Job Prospects

Homeopathy is a division of alternative medicine. Homeopaths take care of patients by motivating the body self healing power with natural remedies. Homeopaths believe that body, emotions and mind are all inter-linked. Based on this analysis, homeopaths search for natural remedies which fits patient's physical and psychological symptoms.
A homeopath take cares of situations such as fever, eczema, headaches and strain to arthritis. Treatment is given based on the patient lifestyle and their emotional problems as well their physical symptoms. The most important advantage of homeopathic medicine is that there are no side effects on the body. A lot of people are seeking homeopathic tretament because of its benefits.
Homeopathy is considered as the 3rd most popular way of treatment after allopathic and ayurveda. In medicine homeopathy is considered as most excellent career option. Today homeopathic studies are being adopted by many students. There are several educational institutions that are spread across India which offers various courses in diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate degree.
Few course offered for Homeopathy: -

  • Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery
  • Diploma in Electro-Homeopathy
  • Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery
  • Doctor of Medicine (Homeopathic)
  • Master of Doctor in Homeopathy
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

For admission into bachelor degree a student should have higher secondary or equivalent qualification (10+2) with biology, physics, chemistry and English with minimum 50% of marks. The duration of this program is of five and a half years.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> B.H.M.S -> M.D in Homeopathy

Homeopathy is an inspiring career opportunity where one can earn money as well as reputation. The salary of homeopathic doctors in government hospitals varies from Rs.10,000 to Rs.15,000 per month, while in private hospitals the salary starts from Rs 12,000 per month. With a experience of 1-2 years one can earn in between Rs. 20,000 to Rs.50,000 per month. But there is no limitation for a homeopathic doctor when he becomes famous in the society.

Opportunities are available for homeopathic practitioners in both India and abroad. Homeopathic practitioner can look out for career as a medical representative or doctor at a private or government hospital. An individual can start their personal clinic or setup a retail shop of homeopathy medicines.
Homeopathic doctors can work with those industries which deal with homeopathic preparations. He/she can also work as a professor or a researcher in any homeopathic colleges. After acquiring adequate experience a BHMS degree holder can start his/her own pharmacy.
A graduate can start searching for job opportunities in both public and private sector. They can also join any private or government hospitals, clinics, NGOs, or teach in any of the medical colleges.

Job Prospects

Orthodontia, currently known as orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, was the first specialty created in the field of dentistry. An orthodontist, specialist in orthodontia, is limited to practice orthodontia only. Whereas general dentists can provide orthodontic treatment along with other treatments for teeth like fillings, cleanings, crowns, etc. Orthodontists are concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity and/or disproportionate jaw relationships. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth. In the latter case it is better defined as "dentofacial orthopedics".

Orthodontic dentistry is a specialized field, which requires both manual skills and a high level of diagnostic ability. Good visual memory, excellent judgement of space and shape, manual dexterity, combined with scientific ability and methodical approach are a must if you want to pursue this field. As most of the patients are children, as a orthodontist you would require a lot of patience and should be able to build a good rapport with people so as to put the patients at ease. As you will spend most of your working hours standing, so a high level of physical fitness, a sound health and stamina come into play. 10+2 with physics, chemistry, and Biology makes one eligible to take the entrance for BDS, a 4 -year course. After BDS one can either do a diploma course or MDS in Orthodontia.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> B.D.S -> M.D.S in Orthodontist

As an Orthodontist you could be charging anywhere between Rs. 500 to a few thousand rupees per patient in general and if you have private clinic, then the money can be much more. Basically your income eventually will depend on the number of patients you have.

As a orthodontist you can have you own clinic or work with a hospital, government or otherwise, as orthodontists are in great demand. As our society is becoming more fashion and appearance conscious, more and more people need orthodontics to get their teeth straightened out by getting braces.

Veterinary Doctor
Job Prospects

Veterinarians are dedicated women and men whose profession is caring for the health and well-being of animals. Their work is widely varied and may include such activities as clinical practice, biomedical research, education, diagnostic laboratories, consultation, or safeguarding our nation food supply. Whatever their specialty, veterinarians are dedicated to maintaining and promoting animal health. They understand the importance of animal welfare and the interdependent relationships between animals and humans.
Surveys and projections predict a steady need for future veterinary medical doctors and scientists. There is a present demand for food animal veterinarians and veterinary specialists to deal with society's concerns relating to animal welfare and biomedical/environmental research. Future employment opportunities will mirror society's involvement in issues of energy, quality of food, human health, and quality of life. Veterinary medicine is deeply involved in all these areas.

To become a veterinarian one must earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M. or V.M.D.) degree from an accredited college of veterinary medicine. Although many schools admit applicants who don't have a bachelor's degree, having one will increase your odds of getting accepted. There is keen competition for entry into this four year program.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> B.V.Sc -> M.V.Sc

On an average a vet charges Rs 150-250 per visit (excluding the cost of medicines). And for a home visit it shoots up to Rs 250-350. They generally work in two shifts - mornings and evenings. So that's a lot of money. On an average a veterinarian can earn in the range of Rs 30,000-50,000 per month.

Veterinary scientists work both in the rural and urban setting. Dairy farms, stud farms, poultry farms, and agriculturists employ veterinary scientists to care for the animals.
Veterinarians work in the agricultural sector in rural areas, in government animal husbandry departments, poultry and dairy farms, private and government veterinary hospitals and clinics. Veterinary scientists also work with the government, the Armed Forces and the Border Security Forces for the care of the mounted regiments.
With the trend of keeping pets at home Veterinarians are much in demand in the urban areas. Private practices flourish in these areas. Vets are also employed in colleges for teaching purposes.
Other areas of functioning include vaccination of animals, providing information on nutrition and health, scientific breeding using methods like in-vitro fertilization and artificial insemination, experiments on animals in order to control diseases spread by them, research involving animals for various purposes like vaccine production, animals genetics and so on.

Plastic Surgeon
Job Prospects

Plastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the "correction" or restoration of form and function. Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the best known kind of plastic surgery, plastic surgery is not necessarily cosmetic and includes many types of reconstructive surgery, Craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns.
Cosmetic procedures, such as face lifts, plastic surgeons may treat the bones of the face and skull; repair cleft lips or cleft palates; reattach severed fingers, toes or limbs; and treat congenital problems. Microvascular plastic surgery is so delicate that it requires the use of a microscope and tiny sutures finer than human hair. Burn patients often need plastic surgery to cover areas where skin has been damaged or scarred. Patients who have received traumatic injuries may also need plastic surgery.

The path to becoming a plastic surgeon is a long and demanding one. Students must complete many levels of training and education, beginning with obtaining a bachelor's degree in a pre-medical major, such as biology or chemistry. They then must enter medical school.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> M.B.B.S -> M.S in General Surgery -> M.Ch in Plastic Surgery

Plastic Surgeons do not expect to make potfulls of money as soon as you finish the course.Initial 2 to 3 years when you will be working with a renowned plastic surgeon will be tough.
You will be paid Rs 10,000 to 20,000. This is obviously not much considering all that work you put in becoming a plastic surgeon. Moreover there are come doctors who believe you don't deserve to be paid as far as you are learning the tricks of the trade.
Yet another option after the M.Ch is to work as a lecturer with an academic institution, at a pay of Rs 15,000 to 20,000 per month in the beginning. You can also start your own practice right away.

Once you are a certified Plastic Surgeon your first option and the one most preferred is to work under a renowned plastic surgeon for a while. This is a good way to learn the tricks of the trade and establish your reputation in the field.
As a Plastic Surgeon, your next option is to be a consultant with a hospital, which is not easy. Apart from recommendations from well-known doctors, you need to get published in medical journals to be eligible for this.
If you love teaching you could try the option of working as a lecturer with an academic institution. Of course you can also start your own practice immediately after you have done your course.
Besides, the rent or investment in premises, you will have to spend between Rs 50,000 to 80,000 on equipment. It takes about three to five years to establish yourself in the field.

Ayurvedic Doctor
Job Prospects

Ayurveda, the term is made of two words- AYU and VEDA which literally means the knowledge of long life. Ayurveda is the oldest existing medical system of India which dates back to Vedic period. Ayurveda has flourished over 5000 years because of its own unique and original fundamental principles which seem to be even more relevant in the context of modern life style. There is an increasing eagerness to know about all aspects of Ayurveda in the present era all over the globe. Ayurveda has a holistic preventive and curative approach where the aim is not only to curb the disease of ill but also to maintain the Physical , mental and spiritual health of a healthy person.
The Ayurvedic classics describe eight well developed clinical branches of Ayurveda:

  • Kaya Chikitsa- Medicine
  • Shalya Tantra- Surgery
  • Shalakya Tantra- ENT and Opthalamology
  • Koumarbhritya- Paediatrics and Obstretics
  • Agad Tantra- Toxicology
  • Bhut Vidya- Psychiatry
  • Rasayan- Rejuvenation therapy and geriatrics
  • Vajikaran- Sexology (Including Aphrodisiac for better progeny )

The duration of study for the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (Ayurvedacharya) is five and half years, including one year of internship. The 10+2 students with Science Group are eligible for taking admissions in the degree course.

Career Path 1
Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> B.A.M.S
Career Path 2 Class 10th -> Class 12th in PCB -> B.A.M.S -> M.D in Ayurveda

Doctors who have just started their careers or are yet to establish themselves can earn approximately Rs 400 per day.
Once you have established your own reputation, your earnings per day can go up to Rs 3,000 a day. Established Ayurvedic doctors can charge a whopping Rs 500 per person for every visit.

For qualified practitioners of the various systems, there are openings in government hospitals, charitable medical centres, private clinics, hospitals and dispensaries. In government hospitals, Ayurvedic practitioners are on par with allopaths.
Teaching and research at research institutions is another options open to qualified Ayurvedic doctors.
Of course private practice is the best option. The first step to establish a clientele is to offer services to friends and neighbours either free of cost or at discounted rates. Once the credibility is established, word of mouth can do wonders.