Career Opportuinities

Teacher
About
Eligiblity
Hierarchy
Salary
Job Prospects

A teacher responsibility towards a child is probably more than that of the parents. This is primarily because the child just does not receive education from the school where he or she studies, but also learns the value systems from the same people.
For taking up teaching as a career, you require a passion for exchanging ideas, whether it is teaching at a school or in a college. While as a school teacher you are to educate delicate minds, in a college environment, the exchanges are at an intellectual level with students who are your friends.
In India, the available opportunities for teachers are in a variety of subjects such as English, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, etc. The demand for good teachers is definitely high considering that today's children are exposed to the internet and the information overflow. Moreover, virtual classroom teaching has been introduced by some schools, which increases the overall opportunities for teachers.

The course content of a B.Ed course aims at equipping teachers with the right theoretical, practical, and analytical skills. A typical B.Ed course would include the following topics, overall:
1. Education Theories
2. Psychology of learning and development
3. Principles and Best Practices of School Management
4. Information Communication Technology and Instructional Systems
5. Electives and evaluating education
6. Subject education
7. Practical examinations
8. Team discussions
9. Live Presentations
10. Interaction with students

Thus, through training teachers on the above-mentioned skills, colleges equip teachers with the skill and knowledge to handle learners. Several colleges also provide placements to students. as well.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in any stream -> Graduation in any stream -> B.Ed

The pay packet is the best in government-owned schools and colleges. For instance, a teacher in central school teaching primary classes gets a starting pay package of Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 25,000 depending on the class that he or she teaches. The government schools offer perquisites such as quarters and commutation and medical allowances. On the other hand, private schools usually offer a higher package of Rs. 15,000+ depending on the class, education, and experience of the teacher. But this may not include other perquisites.
For teaching in colleges, you will earn about 40,000 and above depending on your education and experience. However, the selection method for a lecturer or professor position is stringent and you may need to clear several entrance exams

Teaching is quite a lucrative profession these days. There is ample scope for earning even after your normal working hours. College and university teachers are very well paid.
Another upcoming field is online education. In fact according to some industry pundits, online education is going to be the next big thing in the cyber world. And with this, there will be a barrage of positions for teachers and educators.
The online teachers will be developing teaching materials, interacting online with the students, answering students' queries, solving their problems, etc.
Apart from these, teaching is one of the most flexible professions. It permits career-breaks and late entries. Teachers can switch their careers for positions where communication skills are important. Marketing, writing, and research careers are some of the options

Archaeologist
About
Eligiblity
Hierarchy
Salary
Job Prospects

An archaeologist uses evidence left behind by earlier civilizations to gather information about human history and pre-history. He or she excavates, recovers and analyzes artifacts including tools, cave paintings, building ruins and pottery. Some archaeologists work in cultural resource management. Typically employed by engineering firms, they ensure that construction work done on or near archaeological sites complies with historical preservation laws.

You can take up Archaeology as one of the subjects at the B.A. level. For this you need to have studied History in your 12th. For an two-year M.A. you need to have completed your B.A. in Archaeology or other related areas.
You can also choose to do a two-year post graduate diploma course at the Institute of Archaeology after an M.A./M.Sc in archaeology or anthropology or a Masters degree in medieval or Ancient Indian History. You will have to appear for an interview and written exam to enroll for this course. On being admitted you become eligible for a small stipend per month.

Career Path 1
Class 10th -> Class 12th in any stream -> B.A in History/Archeology -> M.A in History/Archeology
Career Path 2
Class 10th -> Class 12th in Arts with History subject -> B.Sc in Anthropology -> M.Sc in Anthropology -> Ph.D in Archeology

Archaeology students start earning as soon as they qualify the JRF examination and fulfil all the eligibility criteria thereof. A JRF gets an assistance of Rs. 8,000 per month for a period of two years. Emoluments are increased once their position is elevated to that of a Senior Research Fellow (SRF). The pay packet of lecturers is around Rs. 20,000 per month whereas professors earn even higher than this.
After joining the ASI, the basic pay package of an assistant archaeologist is in a range between Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 15,000 per month approximately. Archaeologists who have a doctorate degree tend to get better positions in the job hierarchy. The monthly salary of the director general of ASI is in somewhere around Rs. 30,000 per month.

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the main recruiter of archaeologists in our country both at the centre and the state levels. Qualified students can apply for appropriate positions in the ASI by clearing examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) or by the State Public Service Commissions (SPSC).
Students who have earned a post graduate degree in archaeology can apply for lectureship in various universities across the country. In this regard, they have to appear for the National Eligibility Test (NET) or the Junior Research Fellow (JRF)-Lectureship examination conducted by the University Grants Commission (UGC).
Candidates who succeed to qualify the JRF examination have the option to pursue a doctorate degree in the capacity of a paid research fellowship. For taking up a lectureship position within a particular state, candidates need to clear the State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) of that state.
Archaeologists also have the option to take up a job in government or privately owned museums for the safe upkeep and management of museum artefacts.
Since most of the job openings are in government or government run agencies, therefore the career of an archaeologist is secure. Archaeologists draw all the benefits of a normal government employee as per their experience and official designation.

Psychologist
About
Eligiblity
Hierarchy
Salary
Job Prospects

A psychologist evaluates, diagnoses, treats, and studies behavior and mental processes. Some psychologists, such as clinical and counseling psychologists, provide mental health care, and some psychologists, such as social or organizational psychologists conduct research and provide consultation services. Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists who work with patients in a variety of therapeutic contexts (contrast with psychiatrists, who are physician specialists). Industrial/organizational and community psychologists who apply psychological research, theories and techniques to "real-world" problems, questions and issues in business, industry, social benefit organizations, and government. Academics conducting psychological research or teaching psychology in a college or university; There are many different types of psychologists, as is reflected by the 56 different divisions of the American Psychological Association (APA). Psychologists are generally described as being either "applied" or "research-oriented". The common terms used to describe this central division in psychology are "scientists" or "scholars" (those who conduct research) and "practitioners" or "professionals" (those who apply psychological knowledge). The training models endorsed by the APA require that applied psychologists be trained as both researchers and practitioners, and that they possess advanced degrees.
Most typically, people encounter psychologists and think of the discipline as involving the work of clinical psychologists or counseling psychologists. While counseling and psychotherapy are common activities for psychologists, these applied fields are just one branch in the larger domain of psychology. Research and teaching comprise a major role among psychologists. Technological advances in the future may increase the usage of computerized testing and assessment services in order to do some of the jobs of psychologists, including recognizing mental disorders.

The basic eligibility criteria for a B.A/B.Sc in Psychology is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with high percentage of marks in Any subjects.While for post graduate programs, one should have done B.A/B.Sc in Psychology.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in Any Stream -> B.A/B.Sc in Psychology -> M.A/M.Sc in Psychology

At an average, school psychologists are paid Rs 4,000-5,000 per month when they first start out. It could go up to Rs 6,000 a month after a few years of experience. The maximum a school psychologist could make in India is Rs 8,000.
College lecturers salary start at Rs 16,000 - 17,000. University professors are much better paid at Rs 25,000 a month.
The corporates are the best paymasters. Though you start with just 10,000-12,000 there is not limit to the scale you will reach after a few years of experience.

Opportunities for work in psychology are expanding in number and scope. The move toward preventing illness, rather than merely diagnosing and treating it, requires people to learn how to make healthy behavior a routine part of living.
Indeed, many of the problems facing society today are problems about behavior, for example, drug addiction, poor personal relationships, violence at home and in the street, and the harm we do to our environment. Psychologists contribute solutions to problems through careful collection of data, analysis of data, and development of intervention strategies--in other words, by applying scientific principles, the hallmark of psychology.
The study of psychology is also good preparation for many other professions. Many employers are interested in the skills that psychology majors bring to collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data, and their experience with statistics and experimental design.
Creating educational toys could be a good career option for a psychologist interested in behavioral issues of children.

Anthropologist
About
Eligiblity
Hierarchy
Salary
Job Prospects

An anthropologist is a person with an extensive knowledge of anthropology who uses this knowledge in their work, typically to solve problems specific to humanity.
Anthropology is concerned with studying the subject matter of fields such as philosophical anthropology, archaeological anthropology, sociocultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, literary anthropology, as well as biological anthropology and forensic anthropology. There is a sense in which every human being is an anthropologist, if a very humanistic and generous interpretation is accepted. This is to say that every human being is related to others and has a unique way of life. However, a more generally accepted interpretation in academia is that an anthropologist is one who has attained a Ph.D. in anthropology, teaches anthropology or carries out anthropological field research, and has published literature in a field of anthropology in a peer-reviewed journal, or is widely accepted by other anthropologists as an anthropologist.

The basic eligibility criteria for a B.A/B.Sc in Anthropology is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with high percentage of marks in Any subjects While for post graduate programs, one should have done B.A/B.Sc in Anthropology.

Class 10th -> Class 12th in Any Stream -> B.A/B.Sc in Anthropology -> M.A/M.Sc in Anthropology

University Professor: Rs 12,000-18,000 per month (gross salary for beginners) and could rise up to Rs 25,000 a month.
Government departments: Rs 10,000 Rs. 12,000 per month in the beginning, inclusive of all allowances (starting salary)
Anthropological Survey of India: Rs 10,000 Rs. 15,000, exclusive of all allowances. A job abroad: $30,000-80,000 p.a.

As an anthropologist you can find work in the following institutions:

  • Archaeological Survey of India and its various offices across the country - You can get an entry level job as a Technical Assistant 
  • Museums as an Assistant Keeper 
  • Various departments and Directorates of State Government and Central Government. 
  • A postgraduate degree in anthropology will fetch you a job as a teacher in a college or university as well as in research. Sometimes you may be called upon to do some forensic analysis if you are a Forensic anthropologist. 
  • If you specialise in Forensic anthropology you'll find yourself in police departments in their forensic laboratory both in State and Central police forces.
  • Most of the opportunities are as teaching faculty and research fellows in university departments.