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Posted January 20th, 2014
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Tripura is a state in North East India. The third-smallest state, it covers 10,491 km2 (4,051 sq mi) and is bordered by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east. The Kokborok-speaking Tripuri people are the major group among 19 tribes and many subtribes; Bengali people form the ethno-linguistic majority.  The National Highway 44, connects it with the rest of the country. Five mountain ranges—BoromuraAtharamuraLongtharaiShakhan and Jampui Hills—run north to south, with intervening valleys; Agartala, the capital, is located on a plain to the west. Tripura has the highest number of primate species found in India. Most residents are involved in agriculture and allied activities, although the service The sculptures at the archaeological sites UnakotiPilak and Devtamura provide historical evidence of artistic fusion between organised and tribal religions. The area of modern Tripura was ruled for several centuries by the Tripuri dynasty. The Ujjayanta Palace in Agartala was the former royal abode of the Tripuri kings. 


On the face of it, the name Tripura is Sanskritmeaning "three cities" (corresponding exactly to the Greek Tripolis). The Sanskrit name is linked to Tripura Sundari, the presiding deity of the Tripura Sundari Temple at Udaipur, one of the 51 Shakti Peethas(pilgrimage centres of Shaktism), and to the legendary tyrant king Tripur, who reigned in the region. Tripur was the 39th descendant of Druhyu, who belonged to the lineage of Yayati, a king of the Lunar Dynasty. Variants of the name include Twipra,Tuipura and Tippera. A Kokborok etymology from tui (water) and pra (near) has been suggested; the boundaries of Tripura extended to the Bay of Bengal when the kings of the Twipra Kingdom held sway from the Garo Hills of Meghalaya to Arakan, the present Rakhine State of Burma; so the name may reflect vicinity to the sea. The Edicts of Ashoka – stone pillar inscriptions of the emperor Ashoka dating from the third century BCE – all mention Tripura. An ancient name of Tripura is Kirat Desh, probably referring to the Kirata Kingdoms or the more generic term Kirata. Tripura became a princely state during British rule in India. The kings had an estate in British India, known as Tippera district or Chakla Roshnabad (now the Comilla district of Bangladesh), in addition to the independent area known as Hill Tippera, the present-day state. Following the independence of India in 1947, Tippera district – the estate in the plains of British India – became a part of East Pakistan, and Hill Tippera remained under a regency council until 1949. Some parts of the state were shelled by the Pakistan Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Following the war of 1971 against East Pakistan, the Indian government re organised the North East region to ensure effective control of the international borders – Tripura came into existence on 21 January 1972.


Manipur had been known throughout the ages as Meitrabak, Kangleipak or Meeteileipak as well as by more than twenty other names. Manipur came under British rule as a princely state (kangleipak) in 1891. During World War II, Manipur was the scene of many fierce battles between the Japanese and the Allied forces. The Japanese were beaten back before they could enter Imphal, which was one of the turning points of the war. After the war, the Manipur Constitution Act of 1947 established a democratic form of government, with the Maharaja as the Executive Head and an elected legislature. When India achieved independence in 1947, Manipur acceded to the new Union. In 1949, Maharaja Budhachandra was summoned to Shillong, capital of the then-Indian province of Assam. The legislative assembly was dissolved on the controversial annexation of the state with the republic of India (In gunpoint under Merger Agreement) in October 1949. Manipur was a union territory from 1962 and later became a full-fledged state in 1972.M.K. Priyobarta became the first state Chief Minister (1972–74).


Meghalaya means "the abode of clouds" in Sanskrit. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 300 kilometres in length and about 100 kilometres in breadth. This state is bounded to the south by the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the north by India's AssamThe capital is Shillong, known as the "Scotland of the East".

About one-third of the state is forested. The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregionen compasses the state; its mountain forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south. The forests are notable for their biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants.It was previously part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya. The service sector is made up of real estate and insurance companies.

Shillong, the capital of the state, is a popular hill station. There are several falls in and around Shillong. Shillong Peak, also known as the "abode of the gods" is the highest in the state. Meghalaya was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills. Before attaining full statehood, Meghalaya was given semi-autonomous status in 1970. At the time of Indian independence in 1947, present day Meghalaya constituted two districts of Assam and enjoyed limited autonomy within the state of Assam.

Meghalaya attained statehood on 21 January 1972, with a Legislative Assembly of its own.


Mizoram  (frommi 'people', zo 'hill', ram 'country', literally "land of the hill people" / Mizo people) became the 23rd state of India on 20 February 1987. Its capital is Aizawl. The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the northeastern India, is shrouded in mystery. The people living in the Mizo Hills were generally referred to as the cucis or kukis by their neighbouring ethnic groups The majority of the tribes classified as "Mizo" today most likely migrated to their present territories from the neighbouring countries in several waves, starting around 1500 CE.

The various clans and subclans practiced jhum cultivation, a form of subsistence agriculture. The chiefs were the absolute rulers of their respective clans' territories (ram), although they remained under the nominal political jurisdictions of the Rajas of Manipur, Tripura and Burma. At the time of the British conquest, there were around 60 chiefs. The missionaries arrived shortly after, and converted the majority of the population to Christianity.

In 1971, the government agreed to convert the Mizo Hills into a Union Territory, which came into being as Mizoram in 1972. Following the Mizoram Peace Accord (1986) between the Government and the MNF, Mizoram was declared a full-fledged state of India in 1987.


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