From MOON to MARS
Posted October 1st, 2013
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Its been a  skyrocketing journey of Indian space technology from its  first unmanned lunar vehicle being sent to orbit and finding about moon to the upcoming Mars orbiter to be launched in November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). 


 


 


 


Chandrayaan, the first unmanned lunar craft was sent with a mission as a lunar orbiter and an impactor. India launched the spacecraft using a PSLV-XL rocket, serial number C11, on 22 October 2008 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, about 80 km north of Chennai, at 06:22 IST.


 


 


Estimated cost for the project:   386 crore (US$59 million).


Mass: 1,380 kilograms (3,042 lb) at launch and 675 kilograms (1,488 lb) in lunar orbit.


Carriage: High resolution remote sensing equipment for visible, near infrared, and soft and hard X-ray frequencies.


 


 Over a two-year period, it was intended to survey the lunar surface to produce a complete map of its chemical characteristics and three-dimensional topography. The polar regions are of special interest as they might contain ice.


 


After suffering from several technical issues including failure of the star sensors and poor thermal shielding, Chandrayaan stopped sending radio signals at 01:30 IST on 29 August 2009 shortly after which, the ISRO officially declared the mission over.


 


Chandrayaan operated for 312 days as opposed to the intended two years but the mission achieved 95 percent of its planned objectives.



Among its many achievements was the discovery of the widespread presence of water molecules in  lunar soil.


 


Link:


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandrayaan-1


http://www.isro.gov.in/Chandrayaan/htmls/home.htm


 


Now its mar's turn to reveal itself to the Indian masterminds. The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), informally called Mangalyaan by the media, is a planned Mars orbiter to be launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from First Launch Pad at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket at 2:36 PM on November 5, 2013.


 


Estimated Project cost:   4.54 billion (US$69 million).


Mission : The main objective of this first Indian mission to Mars is to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management and operations of an interplanetary mission, comprising the following major tasks:



  • Design and realisation of a Mars orbiter with a capability to perform Earth bound manoeuvres, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion / capture, and on-orbit phase around Mars.

  • Deep space communication, navigation, mission planning and management.

  • Incorporate autonomous features to handle contingency situations.


The secondary objectives are scientific, and include the study of Mars surface features, morphology, mineralogy and the Martian atmosphere.


 


Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Orbiter_Mission


www.mangalyaan.com 


 


Let's see what do we end up finding now !!!


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