Celebrating the Unsung hero of Indian Cinema Who Pioneered It
Posted November 1st, 2013
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Congratulating and celebrating Indian cinema and the world cinema as an industry for Centenary year jubiliations of Indian cinema; let's see who pioneered the cinema as Indians.


Ramchandra Gopal "Dadasaheb" Torne (Marathi: रामचंद्र गोपाळ "दादासाहेब" तोरणे) (13 April 1890 - 19 January 1960) was the first Indian to make an Indian-language feature film, as established by an advertisement in The Times of India of 25 May 1912.


He is considered the "Father of Indian cinema". Although Torne made his first film, Shree pundalik (पुंडलिक, 1912) just under a year before Dhundiraj Govind "Dadasaheb" Phalke made his. It is the latter who is regarded as the father of Indian cinema.


The distinction may lie with the fact that, unlike Phalke, Torne sent his film overseas for processing. Moreover, Torne's Pundalik was 1,500' (c. 22 minutes) long, about1,200' shorter than Phalke's Raja Harischandra, which ran for about 40 minutes.


Following the screening of the Lumière moving pictures in London (1895) cinema became a sensation across Europe and by July 1896 the Lumière films had been in show in Bombay (now Mumbai). In the next year a film presentation by one Professor Stevenson featured a stage show at Calcutta's Star Theatre.


With Stevenson's encouragement and camera Hiralal Sen, an Indian photographer, made a film of scenes from that show, namely The Flower of Persia (1898). The Wrestlers (1899) by H. S. Bhatavdekar showing a wrestling match at the Hanging Gardens in Mumbai was the first film ever to be shot by an Indian. It was also the first Indian documentary film.


The first Indian film released in India was Shree pundalik a silent film in Marathi by Dadasaheb Torne on 18 May 1912 at 'Coronation Cinematograph', Mumbai.


 Some have argued that Pundalik does not deserve the honour of being called the first Indian film because it was a photographic recording of a popular Marathi play, and because the cameraman—a man named Johnson—was a British national and the film was processed in London.


Some more eminent personalities are named below:


Telugu Film industry is the second largest film industry in the country, in terms of Annual film production and revenue. In the years 2005, 2006 and 2008 the Telugu film industry produced the largest number of films in India exceeding the number of films produced in Bollywood, with 268, 245 and 286 films in each year respectively.


Ramoji Film City, which holds the Guinness World Record for the world's largest film production facility, is located in Hyderabad, India. Hyderabad is the only city in India which has six functional Film studios. The Prasad's IMAX located in Hyderabad is the world's largest 3D IMAX Screen and it is the most attended screen in the world. The state of Andhra Pradesh has the most number of Cinema Theaters in India.


N. T. Rama Rao, S. V. Ranga Rao, Kanta Rao, Bhanumathi Ramakrishna, Savitri and Sobhan Babu are the actors who received the Rashtrapati Award  and P. L. Narayana are the actors to receive the National Film Award for best performance in acting from this industry. Bomireddi Narasimha Reddy, Paidi Jairaj, L. V. Prasad, B. Nagi Reddy, Akkineni Nageswara Rao, and D. Ramanaidu have won Dadasaheb Phalke Award from this industry.


The Malayalam(Mollywood) film industry considered to be the fourth largest among the film industries in India. Malayalam film industry is known for films that bridge the gap between parallel cinema and mainstream cinema by portraying thought-provoking social issues with top notch technical perfection but with low budgets.Filmmakers include Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Shaji N. Karun, G. Aravindan, K. G. George,Padmarajan, Sathyan Anthikad, T. V. Chandran and Bharathan.



Kannada film industry, also referred as Sandalwood, is based in Bengaluru and caters mostly to the state of Karnataka. Rajkumar was eminent in Kannada film industry. In his career, he performed versatile characters and sung hundreds of songs for film and albums. 





The Bengali language cinematic tradition of Tollygunge located in West Bengal has had reputable filmmakers such as Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen among its most acclaimed.

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