The third day of the festival of Diwali is the most important day of Lakshmi-puja and is entirely devoted to the propitiation of Goddess Lakshmi. On this very day sun enters his second course and passes Libra which is represented by the balance or scale.
Hence, this design of Libra is believed to have suggested the balancing of account books and their closing. Despite the fact that this day falls on [amavasya] it is regarded as very auspicious.
The strains of joyous sounds of bells and drums float from the temples as man is invoking Goddess Lakshmi in a wondrous holy "pouring-in" of his heart. All of a sudden that impenetrable darkness is pierced by innumerable rays of light for just a moment and the next moment a blaze of light descends down to earth from heaven as golden-footed Deep-Lakshmi alights on earth in all her celestial glory amidst chantings of Vedic hymns.
It is believed that on this day the goddess walks through the green fields and loiters through the bye-lanes and showers her blessings on man for plenty and prosperity.
Lakshmi Puja, or the worship of the goddess of wealth, is themain event on Diwali in North and West India. It is extremely important to keep the house spotlessly clean and pure on Diwali. Goddess Lakshmi likes cleanliness, and she will visit the cleanest house first.
This is also the reason why the broom is worshiped on this day with offerings of haldi and kumkum (turmeric and vermilion). Lamps are lit in the evening to welcome the goddess. They are believed to light up Her path. In Nepal Laxmi Pooja is Celebrated as a part of Tihar a second national festival of Nepal after Dashain. In Nepal it is celebrated for five days including Kag(crow) Tihar, Kukur(dog) Tihar, Gai(cow)Tihar at morning and Laxmi pooja at night, Maha pooja(self pooja), Goru(Ox and Bull)Tihar and Gobardhan Pooja,and finally Bhai Tika(bhai dhooj) respectively first, second, third, fourth and fifth day.
On Laxmi pooja in Nepal people buy gold and silver, precious gemstone, new utensils of copper,brass and bronze as a sign of good luck, property, money and wealth and worship Laxmi with these new things at night. Nepali people perform this worship at a place cleansed with holy water, cow dung and red mud and light whole house with light, candle and lamps.From Lakshmi Pooja Deusi and Bhailo is played by gathering with friends.
Lakshmi Puja consists of a combined puja of five deities: Ganesha is worshiped at the beginning of every auspicious act as Vighneshvara; Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped in her three forms - Mahalakshmi (the goddess of wealth and money), Mahasaraswati (the goddess of books and learning), and Mahakali; Kubera (the treasurer of the gods) is also worshiped.
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